Rick Wicklin
Distinguished Researcher in Computational Statistics

Rick Wicklin, PhD, is a distinguished researcher in computational statistics at SAS and is a principal developer of SAS/IML software. His areas of expertise include computational statistics, simulation, statistical graphics, and modern methods in statistical data analysis. Rick is author of the books Statistical Programming with SAS/IML Software and Simulating Data with SAS.

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Functions for continuous probability distributions in SAS

The documentation for Python's SciPy package provides a table that concisely summarizes functions that are associated with continuous probability distributions. This article provides a similar table for SAS functions. For more information on the CDF, PDF, quantile, and random-variate functions, see "Four essential functions for statistical programmers." SAS functions for

Programming Tips
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Define or extract the diagonals of a matrix

Many useful matrices in applied math and statistics have a banded structure. Examples include diagonal matrices, tridiagonal matrices, banded matrices, and Toeplitz matrices. An example of an unsymmetric Toeplitz matrix is shown to the right. Notice that the matrix is constant along each diagonal, including sub- and superdiagonals. Recently, I

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Create a probability distribution from almost any positive function

There are dozens of common probability distributions for a continuous univariate random variable. Familiar examples include the normal, exponential, uniform, gamma, and beta distributions. Where did these distributions come from? Well, some mathematician needed a model for a stochastic process and wrote down the equation for the distribution, typically by

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