In my prior posts on displaying Google maps in SAS, I used Google map InfoWindows to display text information when user clicks on a marker or area of the map. Thanks to reader Tom Bellmer’s questions, today I am going to explore some additional possibilities that the Google map InfoWindow can provide.
According to the Google Maps documentation, the content of the Info Window may contain a string of text, a snippet of HTML, or a DOM element. Let’s use that “snippet of HTML” creatively.
I am going to expand the earlier example, Live Google maps in SAS -- multiple markers by enhancing the InfoWindow so that, in addition to text, it includes hyperlinks, images and even embedded YouTube video. There are just two differences of this code from the prior implementations of the Google map with markers and info windows. These differences are: 1) the data preparation step shown below and 2) the line of the code that defines the contents of the InfoWindow. This example also uses a simpler method for handling quotes.
Adding new variables to the source data
To make our example data-driven, we add the following data columns to the source data: manager name, e-mail, website url, manager picture, youtube id. To make our SAS code self-contained, we will create our source data within the code itself:
/* data preparation */ data organizations; length oname $15 addr1 $20 addr2 $20 phone $15 lat 8 lng 8 pname $15 email $12 web $10 pic $10 utub $13 ; input oname $ 1-14 addr1 $ 16-35 addr2 $ 37-55 phone $ 57-70 lat 72-80 lng 82-91 pname $ 93-107 email $ 109-120 web $ 122-128 pic $ 130-137 utub $ 139-149; datalines; SAS Institute 111 Rockville Pike Rockville, MD 20850 (301) ###-5555 39.086137 -77.149283 Robert Anderson ra@org_A.com sas.com img1.jpg ksp8CzIgb-E Organization B 14200 Shady Grove Rd Rockville, MD 20850 (301) ###-3333 39.092048 -77.207544 Kerri Evers ke@org_B.com sas.com img2.jpg tv9oaq1b4zI Organization C 14501 Avery Rd Rockville, MD 20853 (301) ###-8888 39.093247 -77.122915 Medea Colchis ps@org_C.com sas.com img3.jpg K5qTKCzI2Ek ; run;
Note: while geographical locations in this example are real (they have to be real in order to show up on a Google map), some names as well as the contact information are fictitious. The YouTube videos from SAS are real!
Download the full sample SAS code here.
Defining the contents of the InfoWindow
In the prior implementation, the line of the code starting with 'var info' that defines the contents of the InfoWindow was quite simple:
'var info' i "= '" '<div style="' 'width:150px;"><b>' oname "</b><br>" addr1 "<br>" addr2 "<br>Phone: " phone "</div>" "';" /
For today’s purposes, this line naturally becomes somewhat more intense. In this code snippet, there are HTML tags with inline styles defining the layout and appearance of information in the InfoWindow and variable values that are fed from the source SAS data set. For the YouTube video, I use <iframe> tag, which allows embedding any external web contents.
'var info' i '=''<div style="width:470px;height:300px;"><div style="float:left;margin-top:5px;margin-right:5px;"><b>' oname '</b><br>' addr1 '<br>' addr2 '<br> Phone: ' phone '<br><a href="http://www.' web +(-1) '" target="_blank">Website</a><br>Manager: ' pname '<br><img src="images/' pic +(-1) '" style="margin:3px;"><br><a href="mailto:' email +(-1) '">E-mail</a></div>' '<div style="float:right;margin-top:40px"><iframe width="295" height="227" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/' utub +(-1) '" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> </div> </div>'';' /
Simpler method for handling quotes
Please note, that in the prior code I used both, single and double quotes to secure proper quotation. However, in the new code, I relied on a simpler approach - dual single quotes when the first single quote serves as a masking or escape character for the second single quote.
In other words, within a SAS character expression, dual single quotation mark resolves to a single quotation mark being a part of the character value and not a closing quotation mark. The same is true for dual double quotation marks (see Using Quotation Marks with Character Constants in the documentation.)
In this code, the assumption was made that if the location of the output HTML file is the c:\\ folder (as shown in the code), then the images are stored in c:\\images folder. For the Youtube videos to be functional within the InfoWindows, the output HTML files have to be viewed on the web server, not on your local computer.
Running the above code sample produces the gmapoutput_iw.html file, which, when opened in a web browser, produces a Google map containing markers as shown in the image below.
In this example, not only is this Google map interactive (you can move it around, zoom in, zoom out, change view between Street View, Satellite View and Terrain View), you can also click on markers to display detail information about that location in a popped information window. The content of InfoWindows itself is interactive too. You can click on a hyperlink to go to a website, or click on an e-mail link to send an e-mail, or watch a YouTube video and interact with it (view and listen, pause, play, adjust volume, fast forward and backward; you can double-click on it to view in a full screen mode.)
Click on the Google maps image to see an interactive version. Alternatively, you can click here for an interactive version of the map.
Enhanced InfoWindows can be used not just in conjunction with Google map markers, they can also be used in a similar manner with Google map overlays shown in my prior post Drawing overlays on SAS-generated Google maps.
I hope this post gives you more “food for thought” on possible Google map visualizations in your SAS applications. Please, continue sending your feedback, ideas and questions by commenting on this post.