K-12 education reform and policy has seen a recent surge in the cinema with "Waiting for Superman," "The Lottery," and this fall’s "Won't Back Down.” However, if you can’t bring yourself to spend $9.00+ at the box office, or (like me) have a hard time finding babysitters to even get out of the house, here is a noteworthy PBS special to satisfy your documentary appetite.
“Dropout Nation” is a FRONTLINE journey through Sharpstown High School in Houston Independent School District (HISD). The small screen gem is online, free and fascinating- following four at-risk students struggling to stay in school, and the faculty beating the odds to keep them there and ultimately turnaround this “dropout factory.” Sharpstown HS by the numbers:
“Together we can. Whatever it takes. No excuses”
Their school motto is truly embodied by the teachers, administrators, and support staff featured in “Dropout Nation.” Principal, Robert Gasparello, and Campus Improvement Coordinator, Brandi Brevard, were shown demonstrating daily acts of kindness, patience, discipline, and support for their students including:
- Working weekends
- Giving students rides to and from school
- Paying for snacks and meals both in and outside of school
- Calling/texting students and parents regularly to keep them on track
- Allowing one student to live in Brevard’s home when it was necessary for his success
- Giving students 2nd and 3rd chances to come back to Sharpstown when their infractions may have warranted expulsion
But it’s more than just the unconditional love factor that shapes Sharpstown’s culture. Gasparello describes Brevard as “half mom, half statistician…she is here to help us focus in on the data…and she likes it.” One of my favorite parts of the documentary is at the 23:00-minute mark where viewers get to peek inside Brevard’s “data room.” The room has white boards wall-to-wall, floor-to-ceiling, which are absolutely covered with data on each student, by class period and subject. It is eerie and impressive, reminding me of a scene from the movie “A Beautiful Mind.” The unrelenting focus on data allows Sharpstown educators to maintain high expectations for all students, and is evident in Brevard’s PLC and staff meetings.
What HISD did to support this turnaround:
When Terry Grier took the superintendent spot at HISD in 2009, he learned that four of Houston’s 44 high schools were failing. Grier had a choice between closing the schools, handing them over to charters, or trying something innovative. He chose the latter and partnered with Harvard University's Dr. Roland Fryer of the Education Innovation Laboratory (EdLabs). HISD rose $61 million to implement the five research-based strategies—or tenets—identified by Dr. Fryer as a foundation for the “turn around” of HISD’s Apollo 20 schools.
The five tenets are:
- Effective Principal and Teachers in Every School - Teachers were rewarded for performance, and held accountable if they didn’t bring value to the classroom.
- More Instructional Time - The schools’ day, week, and year were all extended to give students more time “on task.”
- Use of Data to Drive Instruction
- High-dosage Tutoring - In core subjects.
- A Culture of High Expectations for All
While it’s too soon to claim conclusive results for all Apollo 20 schools, Sharpstown HS certainly has some successes to be proud of. The video highlights that on the Algebra I End-of-Course exam, 79% of Sharpstown HS students were “Satisfactory” and they had the “highest percentage of Advanced students” of any comprehensive high school in HISD. These are impressive achievement results for math, but HISD also partners with SAS to provide value-added reporting to shed light on school improvement efforts.
Based on public reporting, we can see that Sharpstown students also made significantly more than the expected amount of growth last school year, despite having lower entering achievement levels. The bottom line is- these kids can learn despite their challenging circumstances, and they are excelling in certain subjects.
On the TX STAAR End-of-Course Algebra I exam, Sharpstown HS demonstrated the 3rdhighest growth across 88 HISD schools: [CLICK IMAGE TO ENLARGE]
Sharpstown HS’s student outcomes were also impressive on other tests and subjects as measured by SAS EVAAS:
Superintendent Terry Grier said he was encouraged. “When you go back and look at these schools, all twenty at one time were considered the worst performing schools, academically, in [Houston Independent School District]. That can’t be said any longer.”