Poor does not equal lazy

After my November blog post about achievement gaps between affluent and poor students, Newt Gingrich cast some renewed energy on the topic with his inflammatory comments about poor children at a Dec 1st GOP debate. In case you missed his remarks, here is the quote that sent the media into a frenzy:

"Really poor children, in really poor neighborhoods have no habits of working and have nobody around them who works so they have no habit of showing up on Monday. They have no habit of staying all day, they have no habit of I do this and you give me cash unless it is illegal."

While this blog post won’t have my usual data-driven spin, I wanted to provide my own education-related reaction to Gingrich’s over-generalized comments.

Do poor kids need better role models and attendance habits? Absolutely. (This is not confined to poor kids.)

Do some poor kids engage in illegal activities to make money? Absolutely.

Do some affluent kids also engage in illegal activities to make money? Absolutely.

Poor does not equal lazy. Poor equals disadvantaged. Poor children enter school with very real academic disadvantages due to their socioeconomic circumstances, not their parents’ lagging work ethic. Some experts call this an opportunity gap in the resources available to poor vs. wealthy kids, and I saw the gap exist in a variety of forms as a high school teacher:

  • Vocabulary deficits- a plethora of research exists that quantifies the vocabulary deficits of poor children. As a parent of a toddler, I am particularly interested in language acquisition before age three. Affluent children are exposed to 30 million words by age three, as compared to 10 million  words for poor children. It takes some pretty deliberate attention by early childhood educators to help close this gap before it persists and widens. By age six, low-income children know, on average, 3,000 words, while affluent children know about 20,000.
  • Postsecondary expectations- Family history of college attainment affects the household expectations for, and conversations about, attending college.
  • Summer Slide- Children from financially stable environments have the benefit of parents who can afford to enroll them in camps, sports teams, music lessons, or take them on vacation, whereby providing them with educational experiences that advance learning throughout the summer. An analysis of the research of Donald Hayes and Judith Grether with high- and low-poverty students in 600 New York City schools showed that rich and poor students had seven-month difference in scores at the beginning of second grade but this widened to a difference of two years and seven months by the end of grade six.
  • Internet- When I taught, I faced the challenge of trying to offer blended learning and move many educational resources online. However, many of my low-income students did not have computers or internet at home. We forget that in this technology-rich country, we still have many families who are not wired or connected. While we could expect these students to go to the library to complete their homework and enrichment activities, this may not be  a realistic solution, which brings me to my last point…
  • Maslow- I personally experienced the emotional stress and strain as a child worrying about parents’ job security, food, safety and security in a low income home. It goes back to basic developmental psychology and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.

    Maslow's hierarchy of needs

    Maslow's hierarchy of needs

I used to administer after school detention. Not the most beloved role in a high school, I know. But believe it or not, there were students who would act out in order to purposefully be assigned detention. Others would show up and sneak into detention without being on the roster. Why? They did not want to go home.

When I taught Maslow’s hierarchy of needs to my students, I explained it in this exact educational context: If there is a student who is homeless; or hungry; or getting too little sleep because they are cold at night when their heat gets shut off; or stressed out about their safety at home because they have an abusive parent or violent neighborhood, how can I possibly expect them to do their homework or study for my exams?? In good conscience there is no way I would expect my classwork to be a priority if their more basic needs are not being met. I understood this, and expressed that these students need to reach out to educators and counselors for assistance. Because, unfortunately, we don’t know who needs help until students trust us enough to self-advocate.

While socioeconomic factors do affect achievement, they do not affect a student’s ability to make progress within the school year. We see this at SAS in the work we do with EVAAS in 20 states. While it is no easy task, effective teachers have proven the ability to make up achievement deficits time and time again. So how dare we affluent adults alienate poor kids by calling them lazy or criminal when we should be their catalysts for change, helping to narrow the opportunity and achievement gaps that start at home, and ensuring they end once in school.

tags: achievement gap, education, evaas, Gingrich, opportunity gap, poverty

2 Comments

  1. Becky Graebe Becky Graebe
    Posted December 15, 2011 at 6:30 pm | Permalink

    Terrific post, Nadja. Your thoughts clearly identify you and SAS as catalysts for change. There are so many educational resources available to help close that gap for disadvantaged students, but their effectiveness begins with a trusted relationship and someone who cares deeply. That could be a teacher, administrator, school volunteer or even a fellow student. We all have a responsibility to listen, be respectful of the challenges these kids face, and help meet them where they are before we can help get them where they want to be.

  2. Nadja Young Nadja Young
    Posted December 19, 2011 at 5:57 pm | Permalink

    Great point, Becky. We can't fault kids for being at a certain place when they enter our classrooms (either educationally, emotionally, financially, etc.) If we don't meet them where they are, it's extremely hard to get them moving forward. Thanks for your comment!

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