### About this blog

Rick Wicklin, PhD, is a distinguished researcher in computational statistics at SAS and is a principal developer of PROC IML and SAS/IML Studio. This blog focuses on statistical programming. It discusses statistical and computational algorithms, statistical graphics, simulation, efficiency, and data analysis. Rick is author of the books

*Statistical Programming with SAS/IML Software*and*Simulating Data with SAS*.

Follow @RickWicklin on Twitter.

**Do you have a SAS programming question?**Assistance is available! Ask SAS/IML questions at the SAS/IML Support Community. For other SAS issues, visit the SAS Support Communities.### Tags

9.3 9.4 9.22 12.1 12.3 13.1 13.2 14.1 Bootstrap and Resampling Ciphers Conferences Data Analysis Efficiency File Exchange Getting Started GTL Heat maps History IMLPlus Just for Fun Math Matrix Computations Numerical Analysis Optimization R Reading and Writing Data SAS/IML Studio SAS Global Forum SAS Programming Simulation Statistical Graphics Statistical Programming Statistical Thinking Strings Tips and Techniques vectorization Video### Archives

### Subscribe to this blog

## Rolling statistics in SAS/IML

Last week I showed how to use PROC EXPAND to compute moving averages and other rolling statistics in SAS. Unfortunately, PROC EXPAND is part of SAS/ETS software and not every SAS site has a license for SAS/ETS. For simple moving averages, you can write a DATA step program, as discussed […]

Post a Comment ## Banking to 45 degrees: Aspect ratios for time series plots

In SAS, the aspect ratio of a graph is the physical height of the graph divided by the physical width. Recently I demonstrated how to set the aspect ratio of graphs in SAS by using the ASPECT= option in PROC SGPLOT or by using the OVERLAYEQUATED statement in the Graph […]

Post a Comment ## Twelve posts from 2015 that deserve a second look

I began 2016 by compiling a list of popular articles from my blog in 2015. This "People's Choice" list contains many interesting articles, but some of my personal favorites did not make the list. Today I present the "Editor's Choice" list of articles that deserve a second look. I've grouped […]

Post a Comment ## Extracting elements from a matrix: rows, columns, submatrices, and indices

A matrix is a convenient way to store an array of numbers. However, often you need to extract certain elements from a matrix. The SAS/IML language aupports two ways to extract elements: by using subscripts or by using indices. Use subscripts when you are extracting a rectangular portion of a […]

Post a Comment ## Can't find that data? Search all variables in all data sets

Sometimes I can't remember where I put things. If I lose my glasses or garden tools, I am out of luck. But when I can't remember where I put some data, I have SAS to help me find it. When I can remember the name of the data set, my […]

Post a Comment ## Exact tests in PROC FREQ: What, when, and how

Did you know that the FREQ procedure in SAS can compute exact p-values for more than 20 statistical tests and statistics that are associated with contingency table? Mamma mia! That's a veritable smorgasbord of options! Some of the tests are specifically for one-way tables or 2 x 2 tables, but many apply […]

Post a Comment ## Plot the conditional distribution of the response in a linear regression model

A friend who teaches courses about statistical regression asked me how to create a graph in SAS that illustrates an important concept: the conditional distribution of the response variable. The basic idea is to draw a scatter plot with a regression line, then overlay several probability distributions along the line, […]

Post a Comment ## Where did it come from? Adding the source of each observation to a SAS data set

Imagine the following scenario. You have many data sets from various sources, such as individual stores or hospitals. You use the SAS DATA step to concatenate the many data sets into a single large data set. You give the big data set to a colleague who will analyze it. Later […]

Post a Comment ## The use of SAS/IML software in published research

SAS/IML software is used by many SAS programmers, primarily for creating custom algorithms and macros that implement statistical analyses that are not built into any SAS procedure. I know that PROC IML is used regularly by pharmaceutical companies, by the financial and insurance industries, and by researchers in medical colleges […]

Post a Comment ## Everything you wanted to know about writing SAS/IML modules

One of the fundamental principles of computer programming is to break a task into smaller subtasks and to modularize the program by encapsulating each subtask into its own function. I have written many blog posts over the years about how to define and use functions in the SAS/IML language. I […]

Post a Comment